With the various kinds of transformers available in the market, each supporting different applications, power transformers in India are the most popular types of transformers used. These transformers are highly efficient in transmitting high voltage levels at loads above 33kv. In fact, they perform their best at 100% load! This quality of providing maximum efficiency has resulted in power transformers being used in transmission networks, transmission substations, and power generation stations. These power transformers are further categorized into step-up and step-down transformers to increase or decrease the voltage levels as required.
What are auto-transformers?
Auto transformers are electrical transformers having only a single winding; thus the single coil acting alone, without any kind of automatic mechanism like in other transformers. In fact, the single coil itself plays the role of both primary and secondary winding’s, with one end acting as primary, and the other end acting as the secondary. In this way, auto-transformers have the benefit of being smaller, lighter, and cheaper than other double winding transformers; but with the disadvantage of not providing isolation between the primary and secondary circuits.
Almost every machine requires wires to function; and industrial and commercial spaces use bigger machines, meaning more wires. Failure of one wire means failure of the machine, and the entire process of the space comes to a stop. This is when you need to repair or replace your wires. When there are a large number of wires involved, there is a possibility of the wires getting entangled, making it difficult to handle, repair, and replace.
Toroidal inductors are insulated coils that are wire wound on a ring-shaped core made of powdered iron, ferrite, or any such material. The advantage of the ring shape is that due to its symmetry, the amount of magnetic flux that escapes outside the core is low, thus making it more efficient by radiating lesser electromagnetic interference. Toroidal inductors have more inductance per turn, and carry more current as compared to solenoids with a core of the similar material and size. This is why these inductors are used at low frequencies where large inductances are required.
Toroidal transformer inrush current is a spike in current that arises when you initially turn your transformer on. When the transformer is switched on, the initial source of power sends a gush of current to the device that can cause damage to the power supply. If not managed appropriately, such inrush current can cause serious damage like tripping of circuit breakers and blowing off of fuses. This can ultimately result in complete failure of the transformer itself. The inrush current actually affects the transformer core’s magnetic property that causes energy loss. Therefore, it is very essential to reduce the initial inrush current.
Inductors are two-terminal components that are used for filtering, timing, and powering electronics applications. They store energy in the form of magnetic fields as long as current flows through, and they oppose any kind of change in current by inducing an electromotive force. They are open circuits for AC signals and short circuits for DC signals. The inductance of inductors is affected by four main factors, namely the coil area, the coil length, the number of turns in the coil, and the material of the core. Similarly, the purchase of an inductor depends on various factors too. The list of parameters you need to keep in mind while selecting inductors are stated below.
High frequency transformers can work efficiently only if two important conditions are fulfilled – reliability and electromagnetic compatibility. Reliability has always been paid attention to, while electromagnetic compatibility has come into focus only in recent years because of the increasing awareness towards environmental protection. Reliability can be defined by the specific conditions of usage on which the high frequency power transformers can normally work. The temperature in which the transformer works is one of the very important factors to be considered. For some soft magnetic materials, the Curie point is very low, which is why they are very sensitive to temperature. One such example is manganese zinc sift ferrite that has a very low Curie point, which is why it’s working temperature is very limited.